Nigeria as a Country
Officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country situated at the western part of Africa. The country has boundaries in the north with Niger (a francophone country), Cameroon (a francophone country) in the east and Benin (speaks French and Yoruba a major languages) in the west. In addition, the country also has her coast in the soutern part of the country; and this coast is located on the Golf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.
The official language in Nigeria is English; widely spoken by all tribes in the country. Other major language in the country are - Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. Although, there are more languages spoken in the country by many tribes, the mentioned languages are the most spoken once.
There as always been controversies on the population of Nigeria; nevertheless, the latest figure from world bank and pulled from Google indicates that the Nigeria population stood at 190.9 million as at 2017 (see image below).
Source: Google Public Data.
From the latest 2019 figure gathered from www.internetworldstats.com/stats8.htm, Nigeria is in the seventh spot on the top ten countries with the the highest population. This table shows that the country has passed the 200 million population mark.
Nigeria Before 1960 Independence
Nigeria has been home to a number of ancient and indigenous kingdoms and states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures while practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdom.
Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the seventh-largest youth population in the world, with China and India leading the population table respectively; nevertheless, the country is with more than 90 million of its population under age 18.
The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 250 different languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, who live mostly in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities.
Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
1. Nigeria - Agriculture, Business and Jobs.
Koye Beckley is an Entrepreneur, SEO specialist and a Trainer. He is the founder of Yokebay.com and has published numerous business related articles that has high ranking position on search engine result pages (SERP). He is passionate about helping business owner grow their online business through search engine optimization (SEO); at the same time, he lives to travel the world.